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Truncate command removes all records from a table. But this command will not destroy the table's structure. When we apply truncate command on a table its Primary key is initialized. Following is its Syntax,
truncate table table-name;
Here is an Example explaining it.
postgres=# select * from item;
 item_no |  name  | cost 
       1 | laptop |   20
       2 | pen    |   10
       3 | paper  |    8
(3 rows)
--The below query will delete all the records of Student table.
postgres=# truncate table item;
--Table Structure(meta data) can't be delete 
postgres=# select * from item; 
 item_no | name | cost 
(0 rows)
Difference between truncate and Delete command:
Delete command will delete all the rows from a table whereas truncate command re-initializes a table(like a newly created table) also operation will be done quickly compare to delete.

For eg. If you have a table with 10 rows and an auto_increment primary key, if you use delete command to delete all the rows, it will delete all the rows, but will not initialize the primary key, hence if you will insert any row after using delete command, the auto_increment primary key will start from 11. But in case of truncate command, primary key is re-initialized.


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