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linux related interview squestions and answwer-- 1 in oracle

1) What’s the difference between soft link and hard link?

A symbolic (soft) linked file and the targeted file can be located on the same or different file system while for a hard link they must be located on the same file system, because they share same inode number and an inode table is unique to a file system, both must be on the same file system.

2) How you will read a file from shell script?
while read line
 echo $line
done < file_name

3) 3. What’s the use of umask?
Will decide the default permissions for files.

4) What is crontab and what are the arguments?
The entries have the following elements:
field             allowed values
-----             --------------
minute            0-59
hour                0-23
day of month   1-31
month             1-12
day of week     0-7 (both 0 and 7 are Sunday)
user                 Valid OS user
command         Valid command or script

? ? ? ? ? command
|  | |  | |_________day of the week (0-6, 0=Sunday)
|  | |  |___________month (1-12)
|  | |_____________day of the month (1-31)
|  |_______________hour (0-23)
|_________________minute (0-59)

5) How to find operating system (OS) version?
uname –a

6)  How to find out the run level of the user?
uname –r

7) How to delete 7 days old trace files?
find ./trace –name *.trc –mtime +7 –exec rm {} \;

8) What is top command?
top is a operating system command, it will display top processes which are taking high cpu and memory.

9) 8. How to get 10th line of a file (by using grep)?


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